খালেদা জিয়া (part 2)

Monika Jaman
Published on Feb 23, 2023

the movement

In 1983, a seven-party coalition was formed under the leadership of Begum Zia. At the same time, the movement against Ershad's military rule began. Begum Zia first started the anti-Ershad movement with the BNP from September 1983 through a 7-party alliance. At the same time, seven parties led by him jointly with fifteen parties led by Awami League started the program of movement. The five-point movement continued till 1986. But on the night of March 21, 1986, when Awami League president Sheikh Hasina decided to participate in the election under Ershad, a barrier was created in the united movement. 15 teams are divided into 8 teams and 5 teams. 8 parties go to the polls. After that 7 parties led by Begum Zia, 5 parties united movement and rejected the elections. From 1987, Khaleda Zia started a one-phase movement "Ershad Hatao". As a result, Ershad dissolved the parliament. The united movement started again. Finally, after eight years of relentless and uncompromising struggle, the BNP won a single majority in the parliamentary elections held on February 27, 1991. Khaleda Zia was elected Prime Minister of Bangladesh. In that election, Khaleda Zia participated in a total of five seats and won all five.

National Assembly Elections

On March 19, 1991, Begum Khaleda Zia was appointed Prime Minister of the People's Republic of Bangladesh in the fifth national parliamentary election. His government established a parliamentary system of government in the country. On 2 April, he introduced the bill on behalf of the government in Parliament. On the same day, he introduced the Eleventh Amendment Bill, providing for the return of Chief Justice Shahabuddin Ahmed to his caretaker government. On 6 August 1991 Parliament passed two bills unanimously.

On February 15, 1996, the sixth national parliament election was held. Which is later considered as a one-party election of 96. Khaleda Zia and her party made this single election after objections from all opposition parties. All opposition parties including Awami League boycotted this election. This parliament lasted only 15 days. Khaleda Zia was also the prime minister of this parliament. Due to strong agitation and pressure from the outside world, the Sixth National Assembly passed the caretaker government bill and Khaleda Zia resigned.

In 1996, the BNP won a total of 116 seats in the seventh parliamentary elections, which was not enough to form the government. Awami League won a total of 147 seats, they formed the government with the support of the National Party. BNP emerged as the largest opposition party in the history of Bangladesh in the seventh Parliament. Begum Khaleda Zia was the leader of the opposition in parliament during the five-year rule of Awami League.

BNP formed a four-party alliance with Jamaat-e-Islami, Islami Oikyazot and Jatiya Party before the eighth parliamentary elections. On October 1, 2001, the four-party alliance formed the government by winning a large majority in the parliamentary elections. Khaleda Zia is serving as the prime minister in this parliament as well. The term of this parliament expired on 28 October 2006.

In the 9th National Assembly elections held in December 2008, the four-party alliance led by Khaleda Zia was defeated by a huge margin. The four-party alliance won only 32 seats against the grand coalition's nearly 260 seats.

Many political parties in Bangladesh, including the coalition led by Khaleda Zia, boycotted the 10th National Assembly elections held on 5 January 2014.


He was arrested a total of four times after joining the party as an initial member of BNP on January 3, 1982. Ershad was arrested on November 28, 1983, May 3, 1984 and November 11, 1987 during the anti-Ershad movement.

He was last arrested on September 3, 2007 along with his son on charges of corruption. On September 11, 2008, he was released by the order of the High Court. After being arrested by the caretaker government for a year and seven days in prison, there was no significant progress in any of the ongoing cases against him and the ongoing investigations did not prove any charges against him.

Leaving the cantonment home

Begum Zia left her residence of 28 years on 13 November 2010. He alleged that he was forced out of the house. However, the government has said that he left home voluntarily. After independence, Khaleda Zia moved to house number 6 on Shaheed Mainul Road with Ziaur Rahman as Adjutant General from 1972. On May 30, 1981, when President Zia was killed in a failed military coup in Chittagong, on June 12, the then interim President Abdus Sattar assigned the house in the cantonment to Khaleda.

Khaleda Zia is not well

On January 5, 2014, Khaleda Zia lost the post of opposition leader by boycotting the elections. At present he has no presence anywhere in the administration of the state. Many of his party leaders have been accused of politicking with the government. There are a total of 20 cases against Khaleda Zia. BNP Chairperson Khaleda Zia's case has become alarming day by day party leaders and workers. They fear that the BNP leader's sentence may be speedy due to the way the corruption case is proceeding. Among these, the number of cases filed by the Anti-Corruption Commission (ACC) is five. The rest are violence, sabotage, sedition and defamation petition cases filed in different police stations of the country including Dhaka.